Interview with the Oscar nominee: How the film was developed Visually

This year, 15 animated shorts - not the usual ten - have been shortlisted for an Oscar.

To better understand how these films were crafted, we sent the same three questions to all the directors, to learn more about how they made their film and how they view the landscape for shorts today. We are publishing their answers across three features, of which this is the second.

The first piece, about crafting a story for a short film, can be read here.

Our second question:

Alberto Mielgo (The Windshield Wiper):

Zach Parrish (Us Again):

Weijia Ma (Step Into the River):

Bastien Dubois (Souvenir Souvenir):

Dan Ojari (Robin Robin):

Simone Giampaolo (Only a Child):

Erick Oh (Namoo):

Reza Riahi (The Musician):

Hugo de Faucompret (Mum Is Pouring Rain):

Sandra Desmazières (Flowing Home):

Anton Dyakov (Boxballet):

Hugo Covarrubias (Bestia):

Claude Cloutier (Bad Seeds):

Zacharias Kunuk (Angakusajaujuq: The Shaman's Apprentice):

Joanna Quinn and Les Mills (Affairs of the Art):

Some answers have been edited for length and clarity.